What Happens During Union Negotiations?

Are union negotiations confidential?

Most notably, it curtails unions’ right to strike.

It sets boundaries for “good faith” negotiations, but none swears the parties to secrecy.

Confidentiality is self-imposed by collective bargaining parties in the ground rules they set for their negotiations..

How many members does a union need?

In these cases the union can make an application for statutory recognition, as long as it has fulfilled some basic requirements: the union must have already made a formal application for recognition with the employer; the organisation must employ at least 21 workers; the union must have at least 10 per cent membership …

How can I get out of a union contract?

So, if you live in a right to work state and you wish to stop paying dues, you should notify the union and your employer in writing that you are resigning your membership and canceling your payment of dues.

How long do union negotiations take?

These issues influence the length of bargaining, with some negotiations finishing in a few weeks, while others taking months. The basic timeline for labor negotiations is provided by statute, which establishes 150 days to exchange proposals.

Can an employer refuse to negotiate with a union?

However, employers must bargain with the union over issues that are central to the employment relationship, such as wages, hours, and layoff procedures. … An employer who refuses to bargain or takes unilateral action in one of these mandatory bargaining areas commits an unfair labor practice.

Why are trade unions so strong?

The trade union movement in South Africa is extremely powerful. This is not only because of the high proportion of unionised employees and because of the extremely strong legislation supporting unionisation but also because of the political alliance between the biggest union confederation and the ruling party.

What are union negotiations?

Collective bargaining is the process in which working people, through their unions, negotiate contracts with their employers to determine their terms of employment, including pay, benefits, hours, leave, job health and safety policies, ways to balance work and family, and more.

What does union dues pay for?

Union dues may be used to support a wide variety of programs or activities, including paying the salaries and benefits of union leaders and staff; union governance; legal representation; legislative lobbying; political campaigns; pension, health, welfare and safety funds and the union strike fund.

How do you prepare for collective bargaining negotiations?

How to Prepare for Collective Negotiations With a UnionStep 1: Form and Train the Negotiating Team on its Legal Obligations. … Step 2: Review Experience During the Life of the Last CBA. … Step 3: Review Previous Negotiations. … Step 4: Take the Unit’s Composition into Account. … Step 5: Prepare a Wage and Benefit Analysis. … Step 6: Develop Objectives and Proposals.More items…

What are the 5 stages of negotiation?

Negotiation Stages IntroductionThere are five collaborative stages of the negotiation process: Prepare, Information Exchange, Bargain, Conclude, Execute.There is no shortcut to negotiation preparation.Building trust in negotiations is key.Communication skills are critical during bargaining.

How do you handle union negotiations?

Here are six steps that employers can take to ensure that the bargaining process runs as smoothly as possible.Ensure you have to negotiate. … Prepare the business case. … Remember legal entitlements of union representatives. … Understand the unions’ decision-making structure. … Try to secure an agreement.More items…•

What are unfair labor practices by unions?

An unfair labor practice is an action by an employer or a union that violates the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA). Examples of prohibited conduct by a union include: Restraining or coercing the employer or employees in exercising the rights provided by the NLRA.

How long is a union contract?

three yearsThe normal term of a contract is three years, although in recent years many contracts have moved to longer terms, four or five years, for example. The NLRA establishes the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS). Employers and unions must notify the FMCS when they approach the end of a contract term.

Can I sue my union for lack of representation?

Workers, other than those covered by the Public Service Employee Relations Act, whose unions have not fairly represented them cannot sue them in court. … Workers must file their complaint to the Alberta LRB within 90 days of the union’s decision or 45 days from being notified of the outcome of an appeal.

What to do when your union is not helping you?

If the union still refuses to help you, you can go to the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) and file a complaint against your union. You must do this within 180 days of the time the union refused to do anything about your grievance.

What happens when an impasse is declared?

If the University and the exclusive representative for a group of employees (aka union) are unable to reach an agreement through collective bargaining, negotiations may be declared at an impasse. This means that neither side is willing to compromise further on any of the outstanding issues.

What are 3 areas a union considers when negotiating?

There are three main classification of bargaining topics: mandatory, permissive, and illegal. Wages, health and safety, management rights, work conditions, and benefits fall into the mandatory categoryA collective bargaining topic, such as wages, that must be discussed in the agreement..

What are the three types of bargaining issues?

Bargaining issues are divided into three basic categories: mandatory, permissive and illegal subjects of bargaining. Mandatory issues of bargaining are those subjects that directly impact “wages, hours or working conditions.” These subjects have also been referred to as those that “vitally affect” employees.